|About the book|
This popular choice for introductory philosophy courses offers primary source readings woven into a text that is organized by key questions in philosophy. The discussion of each question is presented in a logical and historical light, showing connections, roots, and influences. The clarity of the presentation and the successful student pedagogical aids provide an accessible, guided introduction to philosophy for college students.
|About the author|
Ed L. Miller holds a Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of Southern California and a Doctorate of Theology from the University of Basel, Switzerland. He has taught for the last thirty years at the University of Colorado, Boulder. In addition to being a member of the philosophy faculty, he also teaches for the Religious Studies Department and is Director of the Theology Forum. He is a member of the American Academy of Religion, the Society of Christian Philosophers, and Studiorum Novi Testamenti Societas.
|Table of contents|
INTRODUCTION - THE NATURE OF PHILOSOPHY
1. What Is Philosophy?
Readings from: Plato, Apology; Whitehead, Process and Reality; Moore, Principia Ethica; Camus, "The Myth of Sisyphus"; James, "The Present Dilemma in Philosophy"; Jaggar, "How Can Philosophy Be Feminist?"
2. A Little Logic
Reading from: Aristotle, Metaphysics
PART 1: THE QUESTION OF REALITY
3. The First Metaphysicians
Readings from: Aristotle, Metaphysics; Copleston, A History of Philosophy; Guthrie, A History of Greek Philosophy; Heidegger, An Introduction to Metaphysics
4. The Idea of Form
Readings from: Plato, Euthyphroe, Timaeus, The Republic, Phaedo; Aristole, Metaphysics, Poetics; Quine, "On What There Is"
5. Mind and Matter
Readings from: Descartes, Discourse on Method, Meditations on First Philosophy; Searle, Minds, Brains and Science; Ryle, The Concept of Mind; Churchland, Matter and Consciousness
Readings from: Berkeley, Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous
Readings from: Lucretius, The Nature of Things; Hobbes, Leviathan; Laplace, A Philosophical Essay on Probabilities; La Mettrie, Man a Machine; Hanson, "The Dematerialization of Matter"; Taylor, Metaphysics; Churchland, Matter and Consciousness; Danto, Connectins to the World; Skinner, Beyond Freedom and Dignity
PART 2: THE QUESTION OF KNOWLEDGE
Readings from: Diogenes Laertius (on Pyrrho), Lives of Eminent Philosophers; St. Augustine, Against the Academicians; Richard Roty, Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature; Plantinga, "The Twin Pillars of Christian Scholarship"
9. The Way of Reason
Readings from: Plato, Phaeodo; Descartes, Discourse on Method, Rules for the Direction of the Mind; Chomsky, Aspects of the Theory of Syntax, "Language and the Mind"
10. The Way of Experience
Readings from: Aristotle, Posterior Analytics; St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologia; Locke, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding; Hume, A Treatsie of Human Nature, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanging
11. The Problem of Certainty
Readings from: Kant, Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics, Critique of Pure Reason
PART 3: THE QUESTION OF GOD
12. God and the World
Readings from: Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion; St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae, Summa Contra Gentiles; Jastrow, God and the Astronomers; Paley, Natural Theology; Tennant, Philosophical Theology; Black Elk Speaks; Hume, Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion; Kant, Critique of Pure Reason
13. God and Reason
Readings from: St. Anselm, Proslogium; Descartes, Meditations on First Philsoophy; Kant, Critique of Pure Reason; Malcolm, Knowledge and Certainty; Kant, Critique of Practical Reason; Lewis, Mere Christianity; Rashdall, The Theory of Good and Evil; Russell and Copleston, "The Existence of God"
14. Religious Experience
Readings from: Weil, Waiting for God; Otto, The Idea of the Holy; Huxley, The Doors of Perception; St. John of the Cross, The Dark Night of the Soul; St. Teresa of Avila, The Way of Perfection; Bhagav ad-Gita; Lao Tzu, Tao Te Ching; Suzuki, Essays in Zen Buddhism; Broad, Religion, Philosophy, and Psychical Research; James, The Varieties of Religious Experience; Freud, The Future of an Illusion
15. God and Evil
Readings from: Mill, Three Essays on Religion; Hume, Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion; St. Augustine, The Enchiridion on Faith, Hope and Love, On Free Choice of the Will; Plantinga, God, Freedom, and Evil; Mackie, "Evil and Omnipotence"; Irenaeus, Against Heresies; Hick, Evil and the God of Love; Camus, The Myth of Sisyphus and Other Essays, The Plague
PART 4: THE QUESTION OF MORALITY
16. Challenges to Morality
Readings from: Blanshard, "The New Subjectivism in Ethics"; Ayer, Language, Truth and Logic; Skiknner, Beyond Freedom and Dignity; Benedict, "Anthropology and the Abnormal"; Sartre, "Existentialism"; James, "The Dilemma of Determinism"; de Beauvoir, The Second Sex; Marcel, The Philosophy of Existentialism; Hume, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding; D'Holbach, The System of Nature; Stace, Religion and the Modern Mind; Frankena, Ethics
Readings from: Diogenes Laertius (on Aristippus and Epicurus), Lives of Eminent Philosophers; Horace, Epistles; Lucian, Sale of the Philosophers; Epicurus, Letter of Menoeceus
Readings from: Bentham, An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation; Mill, Utilitarianism, Subjection of Women; Frankena, Ethics; Moore, Principia Ethica
19. The Role of Duty
Readings from: Beck, Preface to translation of Kant, Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals; Kant, Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals; Martin Luther King, Jr., "The Ethical Demands of Integration"
PART 5: THE QUESTION OF SOCIETY
20. Some Historical Background
Readings from: Plato, The Republic; Aristotle, Politics; St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae
21. Liberalism vs. Marxism
Readings from: The Bill of Rights; Locke, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Second Treatise of Government; The International Declaration of the Rights of Man; Declaration of Independence; Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations; Marx, Early Writings; Hospers, "Free Enterprise as the Embodiment of Justice"; Marcuse, One-Dimensional Man; Fukuyama, "The End of History?"
22. The Question of Justice
Readings from: MacIntyre, After Virtue; Rawls, A Theory of Justice; Marty, "Rawls and the Harried Mother"; Nozick, Anarchy, State, and Utopia; Scheffler, "Natural Rights, Equality, and the Minimal State"; Feinberg, Social Philsoophy; Aristole, Nichomachean Ethics
A (Short) Philosophical Dictionary